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Video Lectures Module 3: Doing Qualitative Research

When citing these video-lectures for academic purposes please use the following APA-style format:

Author last name, First initial. (August 15, 2018). Title of video [ video file]. Retrieved from: http://qualitativeresearchontario.openetext.utoronto.ca/.


Ethnography: Entering the Field

Presenter:  Dr. Fiona Webster, University of Toronto

Suggested Readings

Becker, Howard Saul (1961). Boys in White: Student Culture in Medical School. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Rosenhan, D.L. (1973) On being sane in insane places. Science 179(4070), 250-258.

Farmer, P. (1992).  AIDS and accusation: Haiti and the geography of blame. Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press.

Fadiman, A. (1997). The Spirit Catches you and you fall down. New York, NY: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Bosk, Charles L. (2003).  Forgive and Remember: Managing Medical Failure (2nd ed.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.


Case Study Research

Presenter:  Dr. Shan Darrel Mohammed

Suggested Readings

Baxter, P., & Jack, S. (2008). Qualitative case study methodology: study design and implementation for novice researchers. The Qualitative Report, 13(4), 544-559.

Yin, R. (2009). Case study research: Design and methods (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.


Community-based Participatory Research

Presenter: Dr. Blake Poland, University of Toronto

Suggested Readings

Flicker, S., et al. (2007). Ethical dilemmas in community-based participatory research: Recommendations for institutional review boards. Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 84(4), 478-493.

Israel, B.A., Eng, E., Schulz, A. J., & Parker, E. A. (Eds.). (2005). Methods in community-based participatory research for health. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Minkler, M. (2010). Linking science and policy through community-based participatory research to eliminate health disparities. American Journal of Public Health, 100(S1), S81-S87.

Minkler M, Vásquez VB, Tajik M, & Petersen D. (2008). Promoting environmental justice through community-based participatory research: The role of community and partnership capacity. Health Education and Behavior, 35(1), 119-137.

Minkler, M., & Wallerstein, N. (Eds.). (2008). Community-based participatory research for health: From process to outcomes. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Nelson, G., et al. (2004). Building capacity in community health action research: Towards a praxis framework for graduate education. Action Research, 2(4), 389-408.


Narrative Inquiry: What’s Your Story?

Presenter: Dr. Debbie Laliberte Rudman, The University of Western Ontario

Suggested Readings

Clandinin, D. J., & Connelly, F. M. (2000). Narrative inquiry: Experience and story in qualitative research. San Francisco, CA: John Wiley & Sons.

Hardin, P. K. (2001). Theory and language: Locating agency between free will and discursive marionettes. Nursing Inquiry, 8(1), 11-18.

Laliberte Rudman, D., & Aldrich, A. (2017). Discerning the social in individual stories of occupation through critical narrative inquiry. Journal of Occupational Science, 24(4), 470-481.

Reissman, C. K. (2008). Narrative methods for the human sciences. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Smith, B., & Sparkes, A. C. (2008). Narrative and its potential contribution to disability studies. Disability & Society, 23(1), 17-28.


Traditional Data Collection/Generation Methods


Qualitative Interviewing: More than asking questions and getting answers

Presenter: Dr. Paula Gardner, Brock University

Suggested Readings

Carpiano, R. M. (2009). Come take a walk with me: The “Go-Along” interview as a novel method for studying the implications of place for health and well-being. Health & Place, 15, 263-272.

Kusenbach, M. (2003). Street phenomenology: The go-along as ethnographic research tool. Ethnography, 4, 455-485.


(Participant) Observations in Qualitative Health Research

Presenter: Dr. Elise Paradis, University of Toronto

Suggested Readings

Allen D. (2010). Fieldwork and participant observation. In I. Bourgeault, R. Dingwall, & R. deVries (Eds.), SAGE handbook of qualitative methods in health research (pp. 353-372).  Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications Inc.

Angrosino, M., & Rosenberg, J. (2011). Observations on observation: Continuities and challenges. In N. K. Denzin & Y.S. Lincoln (Eds.), SAGE handbook of qualitative research (pp. 467-478).Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage

Emerson R. M., Fretz R. I., & Shaw, L. L. (1995). Writing ethnographic fieldnotes. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Emerson R. M., Fretz, R. I., & Shaw, L. L. (2001). Participant observation and fieldnotes. In P. Atkinson, A. Coffey, S. Delamont, J. Lofland, & L. Lofland (Eds.). SAGE handbook of ethnography (pp. 352-368). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications Inc.

Geertz, C. (1973). Thick description: Toward an interpretive theory of culture. New York, NY: Basic Books.

Green, J., & Thorogood, N. (2009). Qualitative methods for health research (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Kawulich, B. (2005). Participant Observation as a Data Collection Method. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 6(2). doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.17169/fqs-6.2.466.

O’Reilly, K. (2011). Ethnographic methods (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Routledge.

Madison D. S. (2012). Critical ethnography: Methods, ethics, and performance (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Paradis, E., & Sutkin, G. (2017). Beyond a good story: From Hawthorne effect to reactivity in health professions education research. Medical Education, 51(1), 31-39.

Reeves, S., Kuper, A. &  Hodges, B.D. (2008) Qualitative research methodologies: Ethnography. BMJ 337.

Vijver F. J. (2010). Emic–etic distinction. In C. S. Clauss-Ehlers (Ed.), Encyclopedia of cross-cultural school of psychology (pp. 422-23). Boston, MA: Springer.


Focus Groups

Presenter: Dr. Izumi Sakamoto, University of Toronto

Suggested Readings

Center for Community Health and Development, University of Kansas. Conducting focus groups. In Community Toolbox. Retrieved from https://ctb.ku.edu/en/table-of-contents/assessment/assessing-community-needs-and-resources/conduct-focus-groups/main.

Krueger, R. A. (2002). Designing and conducting focus group interviews. Retrieved from http://www.eiu.edu/~ihec/Krueger-FocusGroupInterviews.pdf.

Morgan, D. L. (1997). Focus groups as qualitative research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Pollack, S. (2003). Focus-group methodology in research with incarcerated women: Race, power, and collective experience. Affilia, 18, 461-472.

Savin-Baden, M., & Major, C. H. (2013). Focus group interviews. In: Qualitative research: The essential guide to theory and practice. Abingdon, UK: Routledge, pp. 374-390.


Innovative Methods:


Brokered Dialogue: A new research method for controversial health and social issues

Presenter: Dr. Janet Parsons, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Mike’s Hospital

Suggested Readings

Frank, A.W. (2012). Practicing dialogical narrative analysis. In J.A. Holstein & J.F. Gubrium (Eds.), Varieties of Narrative Analysis (pp. 33-52). Los Angeles: Sage.

Frank, A.W. (2004). The Renewal of Generosity: Medicine, Illness and How to Live. University of Chicago Press: Chicago.

Harrison, B. (2002). Seeing health and illness worlds: Using visual methodologies in a sociology of health and illness. Sociology of Health and Illness, 24(6), 856-872.

Parsons, J.A. & Lavery, J.V. (2012). Brokered dialogue: A new research method for controversial health and social issues. BMC Medical Research Methodology 12(1), 92.

Trede, F, Higgs, J, & Rothwell, R. (2009). Critical transformative dialogues: A research method beyond the fusion of horizons. Forum: Qualitative Social Research. 10(1): 1-17.


Digital Storytelling

Presenter: Dr. Brenda Gladstone, University of Toronto

Suggested Readings

Gladstone, B. M., & Stasiulis, E. (2017). Digital story-telling method in the health and social sciences. In P. Liamputtong (Ed.), Handbook of research methods in health social sciences (pp. 1-17). Singapore: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-981-10-2779-6_11-1.

Gubrium, A. (2009). Digital storytelling: An emergent method for health promotion research and practice. Health Promotion Practice, 10(2), 186-91.

Gubrium, A., Hill, A. L., & Flicker, S. (2013). A situated practice of ethics for participatory visual and digital methods in public health research and practice: a focus on digital storytelling. American Journal of Public Health, 104(9), 1606-1614.

Poletti, A. (2011). Coaxing an intimate public: life narrative in digital storytelling. Continuum Journal of Media Cult Studies, 25(1), 73-83.

To learn more about the digital storytelling research project in this video lecture see: “There is a whole world in just one story…” A Digital Storytelling Website for Knowledge Mobilization: http://www.brendagladstone.ca.

To learn more about digital storytelling facilitation see Community Story Strategies: http://www.communitystorystrategies.ca/


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Video Lectures Module 3: Doing Qualitative Research by Centre for Critical Qualitative Health Research is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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